I got this rare interaction between a Sloth Bear and a Water Buffalo herd at Kaziranga in March’19. In one of my afternoon safari, found a Water Buffalo herd grazing in field. This is a very common sight in Kaziranga, so all other gypsies left the spot without investing much time. Just when we were about to leave, noticed some of the Buffaloes started sniffing in the air. It caught my attention and decided to observe this for some more time. In few minutes a Barasingha and a Wild Boar ran away. There was some anxiety in the Buffalo herd. When Suddenly, a Sloth Bear came out from the woodland and some of the Buffaloes started running away. After recovering from the initial shock,the herd started reforming. They gradually encircled the Bear and finally chased it off. Though Sloth Bear is not a hunter of Buffalo still it’s interesting behavior of the Buffalo herd to take the Bear as threat, most probably as Sloth Bears are noisy and voracious eater which created tension in the herd.