Paper wasps are vespid wasps that gather fibers from dead wood and plant stems. Paper wasps can be anywhere from 0.5 to 1.5 inches long, though most come in around the 1inch mark. Their color can range from orange to reddish-brown to dark red and some species have bright stripes that can be yellow and red.
As the name suggests, most paper wasps build their nests out of paper they make from chewing up wood and other vegetation. An egg is laid in each cell, and growing larvae are fed by adults on the nest. Architecturally, a small variation in building pattern can result in big differences in a nest shape.